1.1 The teacher understands major concepts, assumptions, debates, processes of inquiry, and ways of knowing
that are central to the discipline(s) s/he teaches
1.2 The teacher understands how students' conceptual frameworks and their misconceptions for an area of
knowledge can influence their learning.
1.5 The teacher appreciates multiple perspectives and conveys to learners how knowledge is developed from
the vantage point of the learner.
1.8 The teacher effectively uses multiple representations and explanations of disciplinary concepts that
capture key ideas and links them to students' prior understandings.
1.10 The teacher can evaluate teaching resources and curriculum materials for their comprehensiveness, accuracy,
and usefulness in representing particular ideas and concepts.
1.12 The teacher develops and uses curricula that encourage students to see, question, and interpret ideas
from diverse perspectives.